Category: bisexual

NOVEMBER 18: Lauren Jauregui comes out as bise…

365daysoflesbians:

On this day in 2016, Fifth Harmony’s
Lauren Jauregui came out as bisexual in an open letter to the then newly
elected President Donald Trump.

In addition to her open letter, Lauren Jauregui spoke on her coming out experience in an interview at 2017 Beauty Con (x).

Lauren was born on June 27, 1996
in Miami, Florida. After being featured on
The X-Factor as a member of the girl group Fifth Harmony and becoming a
household name, she entered the realm of social activism and began speaking on
her experiences as a Cuban-American and as the daughter of immigrants. Since the
2016 election of Donald Trump, Lauren has written many open letters calling out
his perpetuation of xenophobia and white supremacy. The first of her open
letters was published on November 18, 2016 and was also the first instance
of Lauren commenting on her sexuality; she writes that she is a “bisexual
Cuban-American woman and I am so proud of it.” Read the letter here!

Since coming out, Lauren has been
awarded “Celebrity of the Year” at the 2017 British LGBT Awards. She was also
featured on the Halsey track “Strangers” and was chosen for the feature
specifically for her bisexual identity. Billboard heralded the song as “a
long-overdue bisexual milestone in mainstream music” and Halsey herself said, “I just love that Lauren and I are just two women who have a mainstream
pop presence doing a love song for the LGBTQ community.”

-LC

NOVEMBER 17: Rebecca Walker (1969-)

365daysoflesbians:

Happy birthday to Rebecca Walker! The bisexual activist and feminist writer is most well-known for being the first person to coin the term “third wave feminism” in the late 1990s. 

Rebecca’s latest book is Enduring Violence: Everyday Life and Conflict in Eastern Sri Lanka, which was published in 2016 (x).

Rebecca Leventhal was born on
November 17, 1969 in Jackson, Mississippi. Her mother is none other than the
iconic Pulitzer Prize winning novelist Alice Walker and her father, Mel
Leventhal, is a Jewish American civil rights lawyer. When Rebecca was only 6-years-old,
her parents divorced. She would spend a majority of her childhood alternating
between living with her mother in San Francisco and her father in the Bronx in
New York City. At 15, she legally changed her last name to that of her mother –
Walker. She attended high school at The Urban School of San Francisco and
eventually graduated from Yale University in 1992.

1992 is also the year Rebecca
broke onto the mainstream’s radar with her article “Becoming the Third Wave” in
Ms. Magazine. In the article, she tackles the judicial system and the media’s
treatment of Anita Hill and declares that it is in fact time for a “third wave”
feminist movement. Rebecca writes, “To be a feminist is to integrate an
ideology of equality and female empowerment into the very fiber of life. It is
to search for personal clarity in the midst of systemic destruction, to join in
sisterhood with women when often we are divided, to understand power structures
with the intention of challenging them.” To date, she has written over 10
novels. Her 2001 autobiography was titled Black, White, and Jewish: Autobiography of a
Shifting Self
.

Rebecca publicly identifies as
bisexual. She had a relationship with the fellow bisexual musician Meshell Ndegeocello,
whose son she also helped raise. In 2007, she had a son of her own with her
partner Choyin Rangdrol. Today, Rebecca travels around the country as a public
speaker and operates the non-profit organization the Third Wave Fund, which
encourages young women’s involvement in political and social activism.

-LC

NOVEMBER 1: Hannah Höch (1889-1978)

365daysoflesbians:

The German Dada artist and one of
the pioneers of the photomontage, Hannah Höch, was born on this day in 1889.

A 1926 self-portrait by artist Hannah Höch (x).

Hannah was born as Anna Therese
Johanne Höch in Gotha, Germany on November 1, 1889. Her family was of
working-class status and although Hannah received a short education at the
Gotha Höhere Töchterschule, she was eventually taken out of school in order to
help her mother care for her younger siblings. When her youngest sibling, a
sister named Marianne, was finally old enough to care for herself, Hannah was
able to return to school. This time she chose to attend the School of Applied
Arts in Berlin. Her main passion was painting and fine arts, but she studied
the more “practical” crafts of glassmaking and graphic design in order to
appease her father.

With the outbreak of World War I,
Hannah returned home from school and joined the Red Cross; however, not a year
later she moved back to Berlin and found herself in the midst of the wartime
Dada movement. She continued her studies at the School of Applied Arts and
created embroidery patterns for ladies’ magazines so that she could have a
steady income, but her real life was lived in the bars and nightclubs of the
city where she bounced ideas off the likes of iconic artists such as Kurt
Schwitters and Piet Mondrian. One of her most well-known contributions was that
of the photomontage, which is exemplified in her 1919 piece Cut with the Kitchen Knife Dada through the
Last Weimar Beer-Belly Cultural Epoch in Germany
.

One of her most well-known pieces; Cut with the Kitchen Knife Dada through the Beer-Belly of the Weimar Republic, 1919, collage of pasted papers, 90 x 144 cm, Staatliche Museen, Berlin (x).

Hannah was known to have relationships with both men and women. She was only married once, to a man
named Kurt Matthies, but one of her longest-lasting relationships was with the
famous Dutch writer and linguist Mathilda Brugman. Although the relationship
lasted 9 years and the two women openly lived together in the city of Hague,
Hannah never spoke publicly about her sexuality or sexual identity. When the Nazis
rose to power in Germany, much of her art was censored or destroyed after being
labeled “degenerate art.” Despite the danger it put her in, Hannah continued to
create photomontages throughout World War II and until her death on May 31, 1978.

-LC

OCTOBER 24: Paula Gunn Allen (1939-2008)

365daysoflesbians:

The renowned poet, literary
critic, and Native-American activist Paula Gunn Allen was born on this day in
1939. While she identified as a lesbian in her earlier years, by the end of her
life Paula was identifying as a “serial bisexual.”

Paula Gunn Allen photographed by Christopher Felver in 2007 (x).

Paula was born on October 24, 1939
in Albuquerque, New Mexico. She grew up in the small town of Cubero, New
Mexico, which was a Spanish-American land grant village that bordered the
Laguna Pueblo reservation. Although Paula was of varying descent with Laguna,
Sioux, Lebanese, and Scottish people all along her family line, she always most
identified as a Native-American woman and with the Laguna people. Growing up,
her father owned a small local store and her brother was a much beloved poet
and teacher in the Laguna Pueblo-Anishinaabe community. Together, the family
was well off enough to allow Paula to attend the University of Oregon for her
undergraduate and then later the University of New Mexico for her PhD.

After graduating from college,
Paula became a professor and a writer. She worked in the English department of
over 7 different premier universities throughout her lifetime, even becoming the
head of the UCLA American Indian Studies Center in the 1990s. As a writer, her
breakout work was The Sacred Hoop:
Recovering the Feminine in American Indian Traditions
, which changed the
face of academia when it was published in 1986. By combining Native-American with feminist theory, Paula brought a new radical perspective to both areas
of study; The Sacred Hoop is still
read in college classrooms today. During her life, Paula was also a fiction
writer and published over 15 novels, short stories, and poetry collections.

Although she was not as much of a
vocal member of the LGBT community during her younger years, Paula Gunn Allen
would later recount her experiences of sexuality and of struggling to find a
label that fit her. She began her journey by identifying as a lesbian, but
would later discover that she was bisexual. She eventually married twice and
had two children who survived her at the time of her death on May 29, 2008.

-LC

OCTOBER 23: Lilyan Tashman (1896-1934)

365daysoflesbians:

Film icon Lilyan Tashman was born
on this day in 1896. The bisexual American actress who rocked Vaudeville,
Broadway, and the silver screen throughout her lifetime is most well-known
today for her roles in Millie, Girls About Town, and So This is Paris.

image

Publicity photo of Lilyan Tashman from Stars of the Photoplay (x).

Lilyan Tashman was born to a
working-class Jewish family in Brooklyn, New York on October 23, 1896. She was
the tenth and youngest child to be born to her immigrant mother and father, who
had been born in Germany and Poland respectively. She attended Girl’s High
School and worked as a fashion and figure drawing model throughout her teen
years to help support the family. Her modeling career eventually blossomed into
a Vaudeville career and by 1914 she was a part of a successful travelling
troupe. Performing became cemented as Lilyan’s career when she was picked up to
join the Ziegfeld Follies in 1916.

Her stint with the Ziegfeld
Follies, although only lasting two years, allowed Lilyan to get a supporting
role in the hit musical The Gold Diggers.
She made her film debut in 1921 with the small film Experience, but after her attempt at leaping from the stage to the
silver screen wasn’t going the way she planned, Lilyan moved across the county
to California. Finally in Hollywood, her career took off; she appeared in five
films in just the course of one year and eventually signed a contract with
Paramount Pictures. Starring in over 66 films during her career, she became
known to audiences for her roles as the “other woman” or the seductive “villainess.”

image

Today, many consider Lilyan to
have been a bisexual figure. Her first husband was a colleague from her
Vaudeville days named Al Lee. The two were married in 1914, but soon divorced
in 1921. Her second husband was longtime friend and fellow actor Edmund Lowe.
The two lived together in their lavish Beverly Hills mansion called Lilowe,
threw extravagant parties, and were touted by the media as being Hollywood’s
new darling “it” couple; however, Edmund was a gay man and many believe their
marriage to have been one of convenience. Lilyan herself was rumored to have
had several trysts with women and even an intense relationship with Greta
Garbo
, which left Lilyan heartbroken after Greta called it off. There is even a legend that Lilyan was almost charged with assault (for the SECOND time) after she
caught the actress Constance Bennett in a compromising position with her
girlfriend at the time.

Despite her vitality and
scrappiness, Lilyan tragically contracted abdominal cancer at the young age of
36. She would film five more films during the last years of her life, Frankie and Johnny being the last time
America would ever see her on film. After entering Doctor’s Hospital on March 21,
1934, Lilyan passed away from cancer at the age of 37. Her funeral at the New
York City synagogue Temple Emanu-El saw over 10,000 mourners, fans, and fellow
Hollywood elite in attendance.

-LC

OCTOBER 19: Edna St. Vincent Millay (1892-1950…

365daysoflesbians:

The famous American poet and
playwright Edna St. Vincent Millay passed away on this day in 1950. Only the
third woman to ever win the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry, she is believed to
have been an early bisexual icon for her affairs with both men and
women.

Edna St. Vincent Millay in Mamaroneck, NY, 1914, by Arnold Genthe (x).

Edna St. Vincent Millay was born
on February 22, 1892 in Rockland, Maine. Her family was of modest means, her
father being a schoolteacher and her mother a nurse. Her middle name St.
Vincent was derived from the hospital in New York City, where her uncle’s life
had been miraculously saved not long before her birth. Edna would later write
of her childhood and say that she and her family lived “between the mountains
and the sea where baskets of apples and drying herbs on the porch mingled their
scents with those of the neighboring pine woods.” After her parents divorced,
Edna’s mother traveled around Maine with she and her sisters never staying in
one place too long. Despite her unconventional education,
Edna was eventually awarded a scholarship to Vassar College.

It was at Vassar where her affairs
with other women began, most notably with the English actress Edith Wynne
Matthison, who was over twice Edna’s age. After graduating in 1917, she moved
to New York City and lived in the bohemian neighborhood of Greenwich Village where she built a life for herself that she would later describe as having been “very, very
poor and very, very merry.” Although poetry was her main aim, Edna began seeing
much success as a playwright; she had lucrative careers with both the
Provincetown Players and the Theater Guild. Many of her plays and poems are now
legendary for their lesbian subtext, such as “The Lamp and the Bell,” Aria da Capo, and “Renascence.” She
would earn her spot in the history textbooks in 1923 after winning the Pulitzer
Prize for Poetry for her piece “The Ballad of the Harp-Weaver,” becoming
just the third woman to ever be awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry.

One of Edna’s greatest loves was
the talented sculptor and famous lesbian expat Thelma Wood, who she met after
moving to Paris in January of 1921. Her relationships with men included a 26-year
long marriage to lawyer and war correspondent Eugen Jan Boissevain, as well as
a lengthy affair with the poet George Dillon. During World War I, Edna was a
staunch pacifist and contributed to the active anti-war campaign in her literary
circle; however, she changed her position with the dawn of World War II and
supported the Allied Forces. She made literary history once again in 1943 when
she became the second woman to every be awarded the Frost Award.

Edna photographed laughing with her friends in Paris, including her lover Thelma Wood (x).

Following an accident where she
fell down the stairs in her home, Edna suffered a heart attack and passed away
on October 19, 1950 at the age of 58. She was buried next to her husband Eugen,
who had passed away only a year earlier. Her estate and bisexual legacy was
eventually restored and brought to prominence in the literary canon thanks to the
work of her sister Norma, biographer Nancy Millford, and fellow Pulitzer Prize
winning poet and wlw Mary Oliver.

-LC

OCTOBER 15: Roxane Gay (1974-)

365daysoflesbians:

Happy birthday to Roxane Gay! The renowned
professor, feminist writer, and bisexual activist turns 43 years old today.

Although Roxane has not yet written formally about her sexual orientation, she speaks often of her bisexuality on her Twitter account (x).

Roxane Gay was born in Omaha, Nebraska on
October 15, 1974 to a family of Haitian descent. They later relocated to
New Hampshire, where Roxane graduated from Phillip Exeter Academy and then went
on to attend Yale University. Although she dropped out of Yale her junior year
and moved to Arizona with her partner at the time, she would eventually
complete her undergraduate degree at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln. She received
her PhD in 2010 from Michigan Technological University.

After leaving school, Roxane
remained in academia as an English professor at Eastern Illinois University. She
burst onto the literary scene in 2014 with the publications of her novel An
Untamed State
and a collection of essays titles Bad Feminist. In a review of
Bad Feminist, Time Magazine called for 2014 to be “the year of Roxane Gay.” She
has since become a leading feminist speaker, editor, and writer. Her latest
work was a memoir titled Hunger, which came out in June of this year.

-LC

gaywrites: October is LGBTQ History Month. Be…

gaywrites:

October is LGBTQ History Month.

Because of generations of activists who came before us, we have made incredible strides toward justice.

Because of unconscionable hate in the White House and beyond, we have so much farther to go.

Because of brilliant, dedicated people fighting all over the world for what’s right, we will get there.

OCTOBER 6: Janet Gaynor (1906-1984)

365daysoflesbians:

The famous actress and one of America’s first “sweethearts,” Janet Gaynor, was born on this day in 1906! She is most well-known for being the very first winner
of the Academy Award for Best Actress in 1929.

image

Walt Disney specifically asked his animators to model the titular princess of Snow White after Janet Gaynor (x). 

Laura Augusta Gainor was born on
October 6, 1906 in Germantown, Pennsylvania. She was the youngest in the family
and had an older sister who nicknamed her “Lolly” as a child. Her father worked
as a theatrical painter and began encouraging Janet to sing and dance when she
was just a toddler, which led to her joining school plays as soon as she was
old enough. When her parents divorced in 1914, she, her sister, and her mother
moved to Chicago and then later to San Francisco. She graduated from San
Francisco Polytechnic High School in 1923. Soon after, the family
moved to Los Angeles so that Janet could be closer to the entertainment industry
action and could hopefully succeed in her acting career. Her first role was as
an extra in a small comedy short and she eventually worked her way up to a
supporting role in the 1926 film The
Johnstown Flood
. That same year, her career really took off after she was
named one of the WAMPAS Baby Stars alongside Joan Crawford and Mary Astor.

As Janet’s star grew, her image
became that of the sweet, wholesome woman in contrast to many of the famous
movie star “vamps” of the day. Her performance in 7th Heaven earned her the Best Actress award at the first ever
Academy Award Ceremony in 1929. Throughout the 1930s, she was one of the few
actresses who was able to make the leap into sound films with hits such as Daddy Long Legs (1931), A Star is Born (1937), and The Young in Heart (1938). Janet retired
from acting when she was at the top of her game in 1939.

Janet photographed enjoying a day at the pool with her fellow actress friend and close “gal pal,” Margaret Lindsay. Today, it is known that the two were actually romantically involved for a time (x).

Many have speculated about whether
Janet was a lesbian or was bisexual, but there is no denying that she had
relationships with other women. She was married to men three times throughout
her life and had a son named Robin with her second husband, Adrian. In the 2001
book Behind the Screen: How Gays and
Lesbians Shaped Hollywood 1910-1969
, author William J. Mann asserts that
Janet was a lesbian who entered into “lavender marriages” with gay or bisexual men; it was a well-known “secret” in the theater community that her second husband Adrian Greenberg was a gay man. Janet is known to have had at least two serious relationships with women – fellow actresses Margaret
Lindsay and Mary Martin. Janet and Mary’s relationship was the longest of
the two and they often traveled to a vacation home in the Brazilian town of Goiás
together throughout the 1950s and 1960s. Actor Robert Cumming is famous for
having quipped, “Janet Gaynor’s husband was Adrian, the MGM fashion designer.
But her wife was Mary Martin.”

On September 5, 1982, Janet, her
third husband Paul, her lover Mary, and their friend Ben Washer were hit by a
drunk driver while riding in a taxi cab in San Francisco. Washer was killed,
while Janet and the other passenger sustained serious injuries. Janet would
never fully recover from her injuries and would eventually pass away on  September 14, 1984. She is buried in the Hollywood Forever Cemetery 

-LC

OCTOBER 5: Lani Ka’ahumanu (1943-)

365daysoflesbians:

Happy 74th birthday to Lani Ka’ahumanu! The bisexual activist, editor of Bi Any
Other Name
, and the only bisexual speaker to speak at the 1993 March on
Washington for Lesbian, Gay and Bi Equal Rights and Liberation
was born on this
day in 1943.

Lani photographed for The Out Words Archive (x). 

Lani was born on October 5, 1943 in
Edmonton, Canada to a white mother and a Japanese father. She grew up to marry her childhood sweetheart, a man with whom
she had two children. Lani describes herself in the 1960s as having been “a full-time
suburban housewife, Little League mom, and Another Mother for Peace.” That all
changed in 1974 when Lani and her husband divorced and she left the
suburbs for San Francisco, California. In those first few years in San Francisco,
she came out as a lesbian, became the first member of her family to graduate
from college, and became active in the social justice movements of the day. In
1980, her life changed once again when she realized she was bisexual and came
out for a second time.

Lani marching in San Francisco’s 1984 Lesbian and Gay Freedom Day Parade holding signs that read “Biphobia Shield” and “Bi and Large” (x).

During the 1980s, Lani started
creating a substantial bisexual community from the ground up with organizations
such as BiPOL, BiNet USA and the San Francisco Bay Area Bisexual Network
(BABN). In 1991, she co-edited the groundbreaking bisexual anthology Bi Any Other Name: Bisexual People Speak Out
along with Loraine Hutchins, and in 1993 she led a successful campaign to get
bisexual people included in the title of the March on Washington for Lesbian,
Gay and Bi Equal Rights and Liberation, of which she was also the only bisexual
activist to speak. Lani was the very first bisexual person to be invited
to join  the National Gay and Lesbian
Task Force board of directors. She is currently a member of the editorial board
for The Journal of Bisexuality and is working on her next two books, My Grassroots Are Showing: Stories,
Speeches, and Special Affections
and Passing
For Other: Primal Creams and Forbidden Dreams – Poetry, Prose, and Performance
Pieces.

-LC